Psychoanalytic Criticism

 

psychological criticism literature

Critical Approaches to Literature. Fundamental figures in psychological criticism include Sigmund Freud, whose “psychoanalytic theories changed our notions of human behavior by exploring new or controversial areas like wish-fulfillment, sexuality, the unconscious, and repression” as well as expanding our understanding of how “language. While we don't have the room here to discuss all of Freud's work, a general overview is necessary to explain psychoanalytic literary criticism. The Unconscious, the Desires, and the Defenses. Freud began his psychoanalytic work in the s while attempting to treat behavioral disorders in his Viennese patients. Transcript of Psychological and Psychoanalytic Criticism. Psychological criticism deals with the work of literature as an expression of the personality, state of mind, feelings, and desires of it's author. A work of literature is correlated with the author's mental traits. The theory requires that we investigate the psychology.


Psychological and Psychoanalytic Criticism by Jerry Tulloch on Prezi


Psychoanalytic criticism emerged in the sthe most influential interpretative theory among the series of waves in the post war period is based on the specific premises of the workings of the mind, the instincts and sexuality, developed by the psychological criticism literature century intellect, Austrian Sigmund Freud who along with MarxDarwin and Nietzschesubverted the centres of Western society by boiling down the human individuality into an animalistic sex drive.

This stream of criticism has become one of the most exciting and challenging areas of literary and cultural studies today. More recently, this theoretical delineation has been reworked in Poststructuralist context by Jacques Lacanpsychological criticism literature, who coupled the dynamic notion of desire with Structuralist Linguistics; this has been influentially innovative as echoed in the Feminist psychoanalytic criticism.

The psychoanalytic impetus which is compatible with contemporary concerns of uncertainties of time, subjectivity and meaning gained a new critical currency in Postcolonial studies, where the interest in destabilized borders and identities is very much evident. The unconscious is the repository of traumatic experiences, emotions, unadmitted desires, fears, libidinal drives, unresolved conflicts etc.

Repression is crucial to the operations of the unconscious an idea later developed by Herbert Marcuse. There has been a consistent interest in contemporary literary studies in the unconscious eg. However, Repression does not eliminate our fears, agonies and drives, but it gives them force by making them the organizers of our current experience. Through a similar process called Sublimation the repressed material is promoted into something more grand or is disguised as something noble.

For instance, sexual urges may be given sublimated expression in the form of intense religious longings. A related neologism is defence mechanism which is a psychic procedure for avoiding painful admission or, recognition. Thus, for psychoanalysis, the unconscious is not passive reservoir of neutral data; rather it is a dynamic entity that engages us at the deepest level of our being. Later in his career, Freud suggested a tripartite model of the psyche, dividing it into id, ego and superego.

The id, being entirely in the unconscious is the most inaccessible and obscure part of our personality. It is the receptacle of our libido, the primary source of our psychic energy.

Its function is psychological criticism literature fulfil the primordial life principle, which is the pleasure principle. It is psychological criticism literature without rationality and has a tremendous amorphous kind of vitality, psychological criticism literature.

Ego, governed by the reality principle, is defined as the rational governing force of the psyche. It is mostly conscious and protects the individual from the id. It is the site of reason and introspection. It is the intermediary between the world within id and the world outside superego.

The superego, which psychological criticism literature another regulatory agent, psychological criticism literature, protects the society from id. It is partly conscious and in moral parlance, can be called as the conscience of the individual.

Being a repository of pride, self esteem etc. This is exemplified in his postulate of infantile sexuality. Drawing from mythology and contemporary ethnography, Freud proposes his theory of psychosexual development critiqued for its explicit phallogocentrism in which the infant passes through a series of stages, each defined by psychological criticism literature erogenous zone of the body, psychological criticism literature.

The stages of psychosexual development include:. A person fixated at this stage will be prone to obsession with oral activities like eating, drinking, smoking, kissing etc. Pleasure is derived from the phallic region, through behaviours psychological criticism literature as masturbation and through fantasies.

Through both fantasy and overt behaviour, psychological criticism literature, he exhibits his sexual longings for the mother. Many forms of inter-generational conflict are seen by Freudians as having oedipal overtones, such as professional rivalries, often viewed in Freudian terms as reproducing the competition between siblings for parental favour.

Electra complexthe female version of the phallic conflict about which Freud was less clear is more psychological criticism literature. During phallic stage, the father becomes the object of her desire, as she identifies that both her mother and herself are castrated and powerless a severe critique of this Freudian concept is one of the concerns of Feminist psychoanalysts. Freud further states that the female heteronormative relationships are tinged with a certain degree of penis-envy as she seeks a surrogate father for such bondings.

Even though there are social conflicts, they are minimalised through the use of sublimation, psychological criticism literature. Freud described dreams as the royal road to the unconscious, as they provide a better understanding of the repressed desires in the unconscious, psychological criticism literature. They are considered as the symbolic fulfillment of the wishes of the unconscious. According to him, dreams are symbolic texts which need to be deciphered, since the watchful ego is at work, even when we are dreaming.

The ego scrambles and censors the messages as the unconscious itself adds to this obscurity by its peculiar modes of functioning. Thus the latent dream content is not vividly displayed within the manifest one, psychological criticism literature, but is concealed within complex structures and codes, which is called dreamwork in Freudian neologism. The dream work includes displacement, whereby one person or event is represented by another which is someway associated with it perhaps by a similar sounding word or by some form of symbolic substitutions and condensation whereby, a number of people, events and meanings are combined and represented by a single image in the dream.

For instance, the Psychological criticism literature soldier in the dream might represent the father by a process of association displacementas the father is associated with ideas of strictness, psychological criticism literature, authority and power in the domestic sphere, and likewise the soldier is linked to these same ideas in the political sphere.

Several meanings may also be condensed into this symbol. If the dreamer is tempted to rebel against the father by entering into a sexual liaison of which the father would certainly disapprove, then the soldier may represent the envisaged lover, psychological criticism literature.

The purpose of devices like condensation and displacement are two-fold: primarily they disguise the repressed fears and desires contained in the dream, so that they can get passed the censor which normally prevents their surfacing into the conscious mind, and secondly, they fashion this material into something which can be represented in a dream, psychological criticism literature, i.

Another illustration is MW. Wow interesting article. I am looking for information to write a great article about Sigmund for guest blogging at paperperhour. Reblogged this on Students Hub psychological criticism literature commented: 1 Please provide an explanation for your answer and address as stipulated in the instructions for work. Do not answer with one word or sentence, and do not cut and paste your answers from the web.

Use the material in the textbook and cite your sources. These short answer questions should be answered in at least three paragraphs. Failure to follow these instructions will result in a grade point deduction. Any answers taken from the web will result in a failing grade. Your answer should be no less than words. Discuss the impact of Freud on literature, film and the arts.

Discuss how his psychological approach affected society, psychological criticism literature. This is an example of a sitewide notice - you can change or remove this text in the Customizer under "Store Notice" Dismiss. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.

 

Freudian Psychoanalysis | Literary Theory and Criticism

 

psychological criticism literature

 

Psychoanalytic Criticism Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of "reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a . While we don't have the room here to discuss all of Freud's work, a general overview is necessary to explain psychoanalytic literary criticism. The Unconscious, the Desires, and the Defenses. Freud began his psychoanalytic work in the s while attempting to treat behavioral disorders in his Viennese patients. Transcript of Psychological and Psychoanalytic Criticism. Psychological criticism deals with the work of literature as an expression of the personality, state of mind, feelings, and desires of it's author. A work of literature is correlated with the author's mental traits. The theory requires that we investigate the psychology.