Essay on Pollution for Children and Students

 

water pollution in india essay

Water becomes polluted when these substances increase in their concentration. Water pollution is a serious health-hazard in India. It is estimated that % Indian population suffers from water-borne diseases and about % of all deaths occur due to water pollution. Jul 31,  · Effects of water pollution in India. Water pollution can have some tremendously-adverse effect on the health of any and every life form living in the vicinity of the polluted water body or using. Jan 31,  · Essay on River Water Pollution in India! River pollution in India has now reached a critical point. Almost every river system in India is now polluted to a great extent. As assessed by the scientists of the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, nearly 70 per cent of river water in India is [ ].


Water Pollution Essay Sample - JetWriters


Water pollution refers to the mixing of contaminants or pollutants in to the water bodies sea, lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater, water pollution in india essay, etc through direct or indirect discharges causes environmental degradation and affects whole biosphere human beings, animals, plants and organisms living in water. Water pollution is the main issue affecting human lives in many ways.

We all should know the causes, effects and preventive measures of the water pollution to make our lives better. Let your kids participate in some creative activities in their schools and colleges to increase awareness about the water pollution in the society. Here we have provided some easily written essay on water pollution for students. They can select any water pollution essay according to the need and requirement:.

Water pollution has become a continuous increasing problem on the earth which is affecting the human and animal lives in all aspects. Water pollution is the contamination of drinking water by the poisonous pollutants generated by the human activities.

The whole water is getting polluted through many sources such as urban runoff, agricultural, industrial, water pollution in india essay, sedimentary, leeching from landfills, animal wastes, and other human activities. All the pollutants are very harmful to the environment. Human population is increasing day by day and thus their needs and competition leading pollution to the top level. We need to follow some drastic changes in our habits to save the earth water as well as continue the possibility of life here.

Water pollution is the most dangerous and worst form of pollution putting lives in danger. The water we drink daily looks very clear however contains verities of microscopic pollutants floating in it. The highest level of water pollution is caused by the pollutants come from agriculture field because of the high use of fertilizers, insecticides, and pesticides to enhance the production of crops. We need to bring vast improvements in the type of chemicals we use in the agriculture. Oil is another big pollutant polluting the water.

Leaked oil from the land or rivers, oil transport through ships, ship crashes, etc flows to the sea or ocean and affecting whole water. Other hydrocarbon particles get settled down through rain water from air to ocean or sea water. Other water pollution in india essay wastes through leakage of landfills, old water pollution in india essay, dumps, sewage, industrial wastes, and farms get mixed to the water.

The level of fresh drinking water is becoming less day by day on the earth. There is a limited availability of drinking water on the earth however that too is getting polluted because of human activities. It is tough to estimate the possibility of life on the earth in the absence of fresh drinking water. Water pollution is the mixing of foreign substances by means of organic, inorganic, biological and radiological in the water degrading the quality and usefulness of water. Hazardous pollutants may contain various types of impurities including harmful chemicals, dissolved gases, suspended matters, dissolved minerals, and even microbes.

All the contaminants reduce the level of dissolved oxygen in the water and affecting the lives of animals and human beings to a great extent. Dissolved oxygen is the oxygen present in water required by the aquatic system to continue the lives of plants and animals. However biochemical oxygen is the demanded oxygen by the aerobic micro-organisms to oxidize organic matters of wastes.

Water pollution is caused by two means, one is natural water pollution due to the leaching of rocks, decay of organic matters, decay of dead matters, silting, soil erosion, etc and another one is man-made water pollution due to the deforestation, set up of industries near large water bodies, high level emission of industrial wastes, domestic sewage, synthetic chemicals, radio-active wastes, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides etc.

Fresh water is the most important source of life on the earth. Any living thing may survive without food for days however it is impossible to imagine life without water and oxygen. The ever increasing human population enhances the demand of more water for purposes like drinking, water pollution in india essay, washing, performing industrial processes, irrigating crops, arranging swimming pools and other water-sports centres.

Water pollution is done by the people of all over the world because of increasing demands and water pollution in india essay of luxuries life. Waste products from many human activities are spoiling the whole water and decreasing the amount of oxygen available in the water.

Such pollutants are altering the physical, chemical, thermal, and biological characteristics of the water and adversely affecting the lives inside as well as outside the water. When we drink the polluted water, harmful chemicals and other pollutants water pollution in india essay inside our body and deteriorates all the body organs functioning and puts our lives in danger.

Such harmful chemicals also disturb the lives of animals and plants greatly. When plants absorb dirty water through their roots, they stop growing and die. Thousands of seabirds are killing because of the oil spilling from ships and industries. High level of water pollution is done due to the chemicals coming out of the agricultural usage of fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides.

The effect of water pollution varies from place to place upon the type and amount of water contamination. The degradation of drinking water needs an urgent basis prevention method which is possible by the proper understanding and support from the end of each and every person living on the earth. Water is the most important need of the life on the earth. It makes possible the possibility of any forms of life here and their existence.

It maintains the ecological balance in the biosphere. Clean water is very necessary for fulfilling the purpose of drinking, bathing, washing, power generation, irrigation of crops, disposal of sewage, manufacturing processes and many more, water pollution in india essay.

Increasing human population causes rapid industrialization and unplanned urbanization which are releasing lots wastes into the small and large water bodies which ultimately degrades the quality of water. The mixing of such pollutants directly and continuously into the water bodies decreases the self purifying capacity of the water by declining the ozone which kills harmful microorganisms available in the water. Contamination of water deteriorates the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of water pollution in india essay water which is very harmful to the human beings, animals and plants all over the world.

Most of the important animals and plants species have been lost because of the water contamination. It is a global issue affecting the lives in both developed and developing countries. Whole water is getting polluted to a great level because mining, agriculture, fisheries, stockbreeding, various industries, urban human activities, water pollution in india essay, increasing number of manufacturing industries, domestic sewage, etc.

There are many sources of the water pollution point source and nonpoint or diffused source depending on the specificity of waste materials discharged from various sources. Point sources includes pipelines, ditches, sewers, etc from industries, sewage treatment plants, landfills, hazardous waste sites, leakage from oil storage tanks which discharges wastes directly into the water bodies.

Diffused sources of the water pollution are agricultural fields, live-stock feed lots, parking lot and streets into surface water, storm runoff from urban streets, etc which pours their discharged pollutants over the larger areas water bodies. Non-point source pollution contributes highly to the water pollution which is very difficult and expensive to control, water pollution in india essay. Water pollution is the big environmental and social issue all across the world.

It has reached to the critical point now. Major river systems of the India such as Ganga, Brahmaputra, Indus, peninsular, and west coast river systems have been affected to a great extent. Major rivers in India especially Ganga is highly associated with the Indian culture and heritage. People generally used to take early morning bath and use Ganga Jal as an offering to the God and Goddess during any festival and fast occasion.

They also discharge all the wastes of puja ceremony in the Ganga in the myth of completing their puja. Discharging of wastes in the rivers causes water pollution by decreasing the self recycling capacity of the water so it should be banned by the government in all countries especially India in order to keep the river water clean and fresh. The condition of water pollution is much worse in the India than other countries having high level of industrialization. As per the report of Central Pollution Control Board, Ganga is the most polluted river in India now which was very famous earlier for its flexibility of self purifying capacity and fast-flowing river.

Around 45 tanneries and 10 textile mills are discharging their wastes containing heavy organic load and decomposed materials directly into the river near Kanpur.

According to the estimates, water pollution in india essay, approximately 1, million litres sewage and million litres industrial effluents are getting discharged continuously on daily basis into the river Ganga.

Other main industries causing water pollution are sugar mills, distillery, glycerine, water pollution in india essay, tin, paints, soap spinning, rayon, silk, yarn, etc which are discharging poisonous wastes.

Ina Central Ganga Authority was established by the government to start the Ganga Action Plan in order to control the Ganga water pollution. According to this plan around factories were identified in 27 cities spreading pollution to a great extent from Haridwar to Hooghly. Gomati river near Lucknow is receiving wastes of around The condition has become more deteriorating in the last four decades.

In order to prevent the water pollution all the industries should follow standard norms, strict laws should be enforced by the Pollution Control Board, arrangement of proper sewage disposal facilities, establishment of sewage and water treatment plant, arrangement of sulabh type toilets and may more.

Water Pollution happens when pollutants generated due to various human activities, make their way into the water bodies and natural water resources. Toxic chemical byproducts from factories or pollutants due to human littering get washed away by wind and rain and pollute the rivers, canals, lakes, ponds etc.

Pollutants also get absorbed by the soil and contaminate the ground water resources. The water thus polluted is rendered useless and harmful for consumption. Waterborne diseases resulting from consumption or application of contaminated water, water pollution in india essay the leading cause of deaths and hospitalization, globally. Even indirect consumption of contaminated water may cause serious ailments like cancer.

For example, eating the fishes those water pollution in india essay been living in contaminated waters, since years, may cause heart diseases, water pollution in india essay, cancer and other serious ailments. The various types of water pollution, distinguished, based on their source, are given below.

Each type of water pollution has different effects on water owing to the difference in pollutants. Various types of water pollution and their effects are discussed in detail below. Surface water is the water found on the surface of earth, such as rivers, lakes, spring etc.

Surface water pollution can have various causes like — direct release of chemical waste from factories, littering of waste by human settlements etc. Nutrient Pollution is caused by the excessive inclusion of nutrients in water bodies. It leads to a condition called Eutrophication, in which a water body has excessive growth of algae, due to over enrichment of minerals and nutrients.

Some of the significant causes of Nutrient Pollution are synthetic fertilizers, fossil fuels, excessive use of manure etc. Marine Pollution occurs when pollutants from the factories and other human activities or the residential wastes from human settlements, reach the water bodies like rivers, oceans etc.

Such contamination of water has various implications on the marine life, ultimately resulting in its depletion. Water bodies already have some quantity of microorganism present, which consists of both aerobic and anaerobic organisms. When more biodegradable waste reaches the water, it causes more growth of microorganisms. These microorganisms use the oxygen present in water, resulting in a depleted level of oxygen and ultimately depleting the aquatic life.

Use of pesticides in agriculture industry for the purpose of controlling weeds and pests; results in pesticide pollution of the water bodies. These pesticides get washed down into the water bodies by rain or get soaked into the surface and reach underground water, polluting them and rendering them harmful to consumption.

Water Pollution is a severe health concern faced by several countries the world over. Even some of the most developed nations like United States are not safe from the effects of water pollution, water pollution in india essay. Tough, the situation is worst in underdeveloped countries followed by the developed countries.

Poor sanitary conditions, water pollution in india essay, absence of adequate medical facilities and low public awareness about health issues are some of the main cause of water pollution and the diseases caused by it.

 

Essay on Water Pollution for Children and Students

 

water pollution in india essay

 

In India, river pollution has crossed the mark of crisis. Three important river systems of the north like Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra are suffering from pollution. Fresh water is only per cent out of total water available in nature. The remaining per cent is saline water. Pollution Essay 12 ( words) Introduction. Environment pollution is the mixing of harmful pollutants into the environment causing disturbance to the natural processes and cycles. Various types of environmental pollution are categorized as water pollution, air pollution, land pollution and noise pollution. Jan 31,  · Essay on River Water Pollution in India! River pollution in India has now reached a critical point. Almost every river system in India is now polluted to a great extent. As assessed by the scientists of the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, nearly 70 per cent of river water in India is [ ].